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Biology Topics

CONTENTS

 

 Introduction to Cell Structure and Viruses

  1. Cell structure
  2. Viruses

 Carbohydrates

  1. Introduction
  2. Monosaccharides
  3. Oligosaccharides
  4. Polysaccharides

 Proteins

  1. Introduction
  2. Amino acids

 Lipids

  1. Introduction

 Cell Division

A. Introduction

  1. Mitosis
  2. Meiosis

 Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance

  1. Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance
  2. Chromosomal Theory of Inheritance

Nucleic Acids

  1. DNA
  2. RNA

Protein Synthesis

  1. Protein Synthesis Apparatus
  2. Mechanism of Protein Synthesis
  3. Difference in Protein Synthesis in Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes

Genetic Code

Mutations

  1. Spontaneous siutations
  2. Induced Mutations
  3. Differentiation and Developmental Mutations

 Regulation of Gene Expression

  1. Gene Regulation in Prokaryotes
  2. Gene Regulation in Eukaryotes

Genetic Engineering

  1. Tools for Genetic Engineering
  2. Recombinant DNA Technology
  3. Cloning
  4. DNA Libraries
  5. Transgenics
  6. DNA Fingerprinting
  7. Genomics

Nature and Scope of Biotechnology

Cell Culture

Food and Beverage Biotechnology

  1. Alcoholic Beverages
  2. Vinegar
  3. Dairy Products
  4. Leavened Bread
  5. Other Fermented Foods
  6. Non-Alcoholic Fermented Beverages
  7. Organic Acids
  8. Sweetners

Enzyme Technology

Environmental Biotechnology

  1. Wastewater and Sewage Treatment
  2. Suspended Cell Sewage Treatment Systems
  3. Fixed Film Sewage Treatment Systems

Biological Fuel Generation

Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry

  1. Tissue Culture Technology
  2. Genetic Engineering (Transgenic Plants)
  3. Biological Control
  4. Biofertilizers

Biotechnology and Medicine

  1. Recombinant Drugs
  2. Recombinant Vaccines
  3. Monoclonal Antibodies
  4. Probes
  5. Antisense Nucleotides
  6. Artificial Tissues
  7. Gene Therapy
  8. Babies of Specified Sex